What is a domain name

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What is a Domain Name and How Do Domains Work


Beginners are usually confused about the domain. They confuse the domain with the website or with web hosting services. All these things are different. The most common question that they ask is what domain name is and how it works. Therefore, in this article, we are going to share an ultimate guide about the domain and its working. This article will help you understand what a domain is and how you can grab a good domain name for your website. So, let’s begin.

What is a domain name?

The domain name is the identity of your website. Website is the house whereas the domain is the address. People enter your domain name in the URL search bar and reach your site. 
Millions of websites are available on the internet and computers understand these websites with a specific IP address which is different for each site. For example, 168.77.56.7 is an IP address. Imagine how life would be remembering the IP address of all the websites? Including Google, Yahoo, YouTube, and even your own site?  No doubt, it is a tough task to memorize these tough and numeric IP addresses. To eliminate this hectic task, domain names were introduced. Now you can easily type the domain and reach any site easily.

How does the domain name work?

Domain working is quick and efficient. Whenever you type a domain name in the search bar, the request to global network servers that is Domain Networking System (DNS) is forwarded.
These servers then find the name servers that are linked with the specific domain and forward the request to the name server. Name servers are managed by the hosting company. The request is then forwarded to the web server (the computer that stores the website). Afterward, the web server searches the associated information which is then displayed as a result on your computer screen.

What’s the difference between domain and hosting?

As described earlier, the domain is the address whereas hosting is the home where the website lives. Hosting provides the server where all databases and information is stored.
To create a website, you need both the domain and hosting. Keep in mind that these are two different services. You need to buy them separately either from the same company or different.

Types of domain

Different types of domains are available in the market. To understand the difference, domain parts need to be clarified. The domain consists of two parts i.e., domain name and domain extension.
The domain name is the name that you can choose depending upon your choice. Whereas, domain extension is the last part of the domain such as .com, .net, .co, etc.

Three types of domains are described below.

Top-Level Domain

These are the generic domain extensions such as .com, .net, .org, etc. There are hundreds of domains where the most popular are .com, .net, and .org. It is not recommended to move with the lesser-known TLDs such as .biz, .info, .club, etc.

Country Top Level Domain

It is a type of domain that is the country-specific domain extensions such as .uk is for the United Kingdom, .in is for India, .pk is for Pakistan. The websites that target the audience of a specific website can choose these types of domains.

Sponsored Top-Level Domain

Sponsored Top-Level Domain is the type of domain that sponsors any specific community where it serves. Such as .gov is for government, .edu is for an educational organization, etc. The organizational-specific sites can go with these domain extensions.

How to choose a domain?

Choosing a good domain name is a tough task because thousands of websites are live and working. As the competition is high you need to choose a site effectively. Here are the tips that you can consider while purchasing a domain.

Choose .com domain preferably.
Look for an easy, memorable, and short domain.
It should be easy to spell and pronounce.
Avoid using hyphen and numbers
Use domain generators for good ideas. 

How to buy a domain?

To purchase a domain name for your website, you need to find a domain registrar. Domain registrars are easily available online, just go to the domain registrar site and purchase a domain. Keep in mind, purchasing a domain doesn’t purchase hosting. To do so, you need to purchase hosting separately. 

Bottom line

The domain is the identity of the website and it should be short, easy to remember and pronounce. You can also use domain generators to find good domain ideas. Moreover, if you are working for the organization then go with .org. Whereas, if targeting any specific country traffic, it is good to go with .uk, .in, .cn, etc.
Hosting is different from domain. You need to purchase both these services separately. You can purchase a domain for one year easily from any domain registrar or ServerSea hosting company.